JOURNAL OF AWARENESS <p style="text-align: justify;">Journal of Awareness&nbsp;(E-ISSN 2149-6544 &amp; D<em>oi Prefix: 10.31566/joa</em>)&nbsp;is an&nbsp;international refereed journal&nbsp;which started to be published in 2016. &nbsp;<em>The journal aims to include original papers in the main titles of humanities. In this framework, high quality theoretical and applied articles are going to be published.</em> The views and works of academicians, researchers and professionals working in all fileds of humanities are brought together. The articles in the journal is published&nbsp; 4 times a year;&nbsp;WINTER (January), SPRING (April), Summer (July), AUTUMN (October).&nbsp;Journal of Awareness is a&nbsp;&nbsp;free of charge, electronic and open access&nbsp;journal.&nbsp;The&nbsp;DOI&nbsp; number&nbsp;is assigned to all the articles published in the Journal.</p> en-US <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Awareness</em><em>, authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> (Prof. Dr. Turgay BERKSOY) (Ali ÖZTEKİN) Fri, 31 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 60 ETHICAL EVALUATION OF USING HIDDEN CAMERA IN NEWS; CHANNEL D - WITH ARENA PROGRAM EXAMPLE <p><em>News, which has an important place in daily life, is an indispensable element for the members of society. It is not possible to live unannounced and one of the fundamental rights of people is to receive news. The profession of journalism has moral values and framework as in every profession. Journalists, especially journalists, are criticized for their working methods. Confidential filming is one of the leading methods of discussion in terms of ethics and law.</em></p> <p><em>The aim of the study Some journalists and programmers engaged in “Investigative Journalism” are criticized in terms of news gathering methods. These criticisms will be investigated within the framework of ethical values. The importance of the study will be tried to reveal the rightful and unjust sides of the criticisms brought to the journalists with an objective point of view. In this article, literature search, Channel D “Arena arşiv archive archive search and interview were preferred. The universe and limitations of the study are framed by using hidden camera and haber Arena ”program. Secret programs for magazine programs or personal interests are excluded from our study. As a result, professional journalists have been criticized as methods of working in every news that they consider the public interest, but are often rewarded.</em></p> Engin ÇAĞLAK ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 31 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0300 EVALUATION OF THE CONCEPT OF “RECREACTIVE AREA” AND “RECREATIONAL AREA” IN THE CONTEXT OF SPATIAL PLANS <p><em>It is necessary to plan the spatial adequacy, facilities, quality and distribution of green spaces within the city in ecological integrity, taking into consideration the principles of urbanism and the public interest. Within this scope, there are laws and regulations that are in force and must be complied with in the current zoning legislation. Authorized institutions are obliged to comply with these legal regulations in spatial planning. However, in some cases; there is some confusion in the implementation process and the definitions in the regulations are not taken into account clearly. From this point of view, the concepts of “recreactive area” and “recreational area” which are often confused with each other were examined through comparative examples and spatial plans are evaluated within the framework of construction regulations. The aim of this paper is to raise awareness of the relevant public institutions about the differences between the recreational area and the recreactive area, especially when making plans on the scale of the master and development plan.&nbsp; As a result of the study, it is seen that the concept of “recreational area” and “recreactive area” have different meanings in terms of the current legal framework. In the “recreational areas”, it is possible to construct under certain conditions, which may be the subject of private ownership, whereas in the “recreactive areas” which are a concept of coastal use, construction is not allowed. Finally, in order not to cause any contention of administrative jurisdiction, it is necessary to pay attention to this issue in the spatial planning process.</em></p> Esra SALT, Adem Erdem ERBAŞ ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 31 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0300 THE REASONS OF STAGE FEAR IN MUSICIANS AND STRUCTURAL STRUCTURES <p><em>Stage fright is one of the important problems of social life for people since people always have risk to confront with this problem which may bring their career to a close. The musicians are amongst the people who experience intensive stage fright as the most essential professional problem. Therefore, the stage fright emerges as a process that has impact on almost every musician and takes its place in the literature sometimes as “stage anxiety” as well.</em></p> <p><em>Anxiety can be expressed as anxiety, sadness, or fear of unknown cause related to an unfavorable situation. This emotion experienced before the stage or on stage can vary from person to person in terms of intensity and effects. However, the number of studies conducted in the literature on this subject is not sufficient.</em></p> <p><em>The aim of this study is to address the issue of stage fear that musicians frequently experience and to investigate which methods should be used to overcome this fear.</em></p> Arzu Gök Akkılıç ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 31 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0300 HEGEMONY AND THE CLASS(LESSNESS) CONSCİOUSNESS <p><em>Continuity of the hegemony is largely achieved by the socialization process and construction of the social consciousness in the process.While hegemony provides a window to see the world through the eyes of the ruling class, it also prevents ideas that are harmful to it from spreading, studied and accepted. So it is unrealistic to expect a social consciousness that was constructed in favor of the ruling class to include class consciousness.</em></p> <p><em>Foundation of the class consciousness is the feeling of belonging to a class. However the class consciousness is a threatening element to hegemony. So this study was done believing that social consciousness acts for the continuity of the hegemony, based on ''an ordinary person doesn't have a clear 'social class concept' in their mind, which brings belonging feelings and class consciousness, the notion is vague in their minds.'' hypothesis.</em></p> <p><em>In a research that was conducted between March-July 2019 by stratified random sampling method, the participants were asked in an open ended way ''Which class do you feel belonging to?''. Instead of a question aiming to make the participants choose between multiple answers of already existing class templates, the open ended question aimed to discover what the participants know about class structures that are used in defining them and how they interpret these classes in their minds.</em></p> <p><em>During the study it has been observed that one third of the participants didn't have a meaningful interpretation of the class concept corresponding in their minds thus being unable to answer the question. Nearly half of the participants who answered the question stated they think themselves as ''middle class''. Among the participants who stated they belonged in the ''middle class'', it is remarked that a quarter of them never once bought a book, 31 percent never visited the theatre, 6.7 percent never traveled out of their city and 5 percent never dined in a restaurant in their lives.</em></p> <p><em>When evaluating the income level of the participants who thought they belonged in the ''middle class'', it was discovered that 45.3 percent of the participants were of minimum wage to lower or no income for themselves while 51 percent of the participants had an income of minimum wage to 6k liras which showed that over half of the participants who thought themselves belonging in ''middle class'' were on the border of the poverty threshold. </em></p> <p><em>When factors like education, income level, social and cultural way of life considered, it was understood that the participants who gave the response ''middle class'' were implying the middle class of their vicinity, not the middle class defined by ranking of 20 percent income groups.</em></p> Meral Çakır ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 31 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0300 SURGICAL SMOKE, PRECAUTIONS AND EMPLOYEE AWARENESS <p><em>The use of electrocautery for the purpose of hemostasis, excision and dissection, the use of high-speed drills, the use of saws, laser processing and the high heat released during the use of ultrasonic instruments; It causes protein and other organic materials to burn and thermal necrosis in cells in surrounding tissues. As a result of the decomposition and evaporation of fat and protein in the tissues, surgical smoke is released.</em></p> <p><em>In the guidelines developed by many international health institutions, it is necessary to raise awareness of the risks of exposure to surgical smoke, in particular, to try to minimize the formation of smoke, to use appropriate protective equipment and smoke evacuation systems for smoke protection and to ensure that personnel training is required. It is thought that trainings should be given to increase the awareness of the operating room personnel in the prevention of surgical smoke, determination of hospital protocols and written instructions, repetition of the trainings given at regular intervals, and further research on surgical smoke should be increased.</em></p> <p><em>The purpose of this review; The aim of this course is to compile and present the literature information about surgical smoke, precautions taken and employee awareness to our esteemed readers.</em></p> şule olgun ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 31 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0300 PREVENTING AND COMBATING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN: CASE OF TURKEY <p><em>In a patriarchal society, violence against women is part of the expression of the legitimacy of male domination. This horror, as old as mankind itself, must end soon. Women should start to realize that they are far more valuable than men, more than just ideal mothers.</em></p> <p><em>Women should understand that their values and powers go beyond the role of being good and obedient girls. Women's potentials should be used beyond superficial things. Today, women need to know how to achieve success and achieve meaningful goals and objectives rather than supporting other achievements. Strong women pursue personal accomplishments, promote themselves and contribute to society as a whole.</em></p> <p><em>This article in particular is trying to raise awareness about the elimination of all forms of violence against violence in recent years to analyze and women against women as a widespread phenomenon in Turkey. Violence against a woman is the greatest dignity of humanity. At the same time, violence against women is obviously an indicator of helplessness. In order to completely eliminate this event, first of all, awareness should be raised against violence against women; Turkish society should be educated to support and protect women who are subjected to violence.</em></p> Laura AGOLLI, Rriollza AGOLLI ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 31 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0300