JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVES http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp <p style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong>Journal of Scientific Perspectives</strong> (E-ISSN: 2587-3008 &amp; DOI Prefix:&nbsp;10.26900)&nbsp;is a&nbsp;scholarly&nbsp;and&nbsp;international peer-reviewed journal&nbsp;which started to be published in&nbsp; 2017. It is an&nbsp;open-access electronic journal&nbsp;which is published quarterly in&nbsp;January, April, July, and&nbsp;October</em><strong><em>.</em></strong><em>&nbsp;It is aimed at promoting research worldwide&nbsp;and publishes basic and advanced research work from the fields of&nbsp;basic science and engineering, natural science</em><strong><em>s</em></strong><em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;health sciences. Thus, it provides a forum for researchers for scholarly exchange of ideas, knowledge, and experiences on current issues. The original research papers, technical notes, letter to the editor, debates, case presentations, and reviews, only in&nbsp;English,&nbsp;are published in the journal. All articles published in the journal, are assigned the&nbsp;DOI number. Article submission and follow-up process are carried out by the manuscript submission system.</em></p> RATING ACADEMY Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti. en-US JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVES 0000-0000 <p><em>When the&nbsp; article is accepted for publication in the </em><em>Journal of Scientific Perspectives</em><em>&nbsp;authors transfer all copyright in the article to the </em><em>Rating Academy </em><em>Ar-Ge Yazılım Yayıncılık Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Organizasyon Ticaret Ltd. Şti</em><em>.</em><em>The authors reserve all proprietary right other than copyright, such as patent rights.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Everyone who is listed as an author in this article should have made a substantial, direct, intellectual contribution to the work and</em><em> should take public responsibility for it.</em></p> <p><em>Th</em><em>is paper contains works that have </em><em>not previously published or not under consideration for publication in other journals. </em></p> THE SYNTHESIS OF SPHERICAL SHAPE AMINO FUNCTIONALIZED PEI-TGIC COVALENT ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS: SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, AND METHYL ORANGE ABSORPTION http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/825 <p><em>In here, the synthesis of covalent organic framework (COF) from the reaction of polyethyleneimine (PEI) and </em><em>triglycidyl isocyanurate (TGIC) in dimethylformamide at 90 <sup>o</sup>C were carried out. The surface are, pore volume and pore size values of PEI-TGIC COFs observed as 23.4 m<sup>2</sup>/g, 0.143 cm<sup>3</sup>/g, and 22.5 nm, respectively. Moreover, the surface charge of PEI-TGIC COFs increased to +46.1±2.6 mV from +18.3±1.7 mV, after protonation of amine groups of PEI-TGIC COFs. Moreover, the potential usage of PEI-TGIC based COFs in absorption methyl orange (MO) dye from aqueous media was testing. It was observed that, the PEI-TGIC COF absorbed 156.6±4.9 mg/g MO, and the protonated PEI-TGIC (p-PEI-TGIC) COFs absorbed 202.4±5.3 mg/g MO from aqueous media in 30 min. The MO absorption by PEI-TGIC COF fitted with pseudo-first-order kinetic model, whereas MO absorption by p-PEI-TGIC COF fitted with pseudo-second-order kinetic model.</em></p> Selehattin YILMAZ Sahin DEMIRCI Coskun SILAN ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 165 176 10.26900/jsp.3.017 EXPERIMENTAL SETUP FOR AC MOTOR SPEED CONTROL BY USING PLC http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/760 <p><em>PLC is widely used in industrial control application. For this reason, PLC education has an important place in the content of universities and it is explained in different engineering department. </em></p> <p><em>In this paper, AC motor speed control by using PLC experimental setup is designed and implemented. Through this experimental setup, students can experience and use of the encoder, 3-phase AC motor and PID control algorithm. Besides, this experimental setup helps students to develop their real time engineering skill and experience in departments of universities such as electrical-electronics, mechatronics, control and automation engineering.</em></p> Mehmet Can DEMİR Cengiz TEPE İlyas EMİNOĞLU ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 177 188 10.26900/jsp.3.018 IMPLEMENTATION OF BIO-GAS RESOURCES TO DECREASE ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF VILLAGE INSTITUTES; A CASE STUDY OF HASANOĞLAN VILLAGE INSTITUTE http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/788 <p><em>Village institutes have been one of the most effective institutions in raising the country's education level since the Republic period. Increasing the quality of education in these schools is also directly related to the support of energy resources. In this study, the increase in rural building stocks is forcing the use of renewable energy sources such as biofuels to maximize the energy requirement from bio-sources. The aim of this study is to apply bio-fossil resources in a village institute to reduce energy consumption. Hasanoglan Village Institute, which is located in Ankara, has been chosen as a case study. In this study, the potential of bio-gas use is presented.</em></p> Filiz BAL KOÇYİĞİT Cihan TURHAN Ece DİNÇ Barış KOÇYİĞİT ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 189 200 10.26900/jsp.3.019 DETERMINATION OF CR (VI) IN CREEKS DISCHARGE TO İZMIT GULF (KOCAELI, TURKEY) http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/759 <p><em>With increasing industrialization, environmental pollution has become a threat to human health. &nbsp;The heavy metal pollution, especially from industrial waste water, is the best example of this. Chromium holds a special position among living organisms because on its species it can be either essential or toxic. Cr (VI) even at very low concentrations is harmful and carcinogenic, while Cr(III) is a necessary microelement for cellular metabolism. Therefore, it is very important to determine the chromium metal found in the wastewater of leather, paint and iron - steel industries. Four main creeks discharges located in the important industrial area in Kocaeli Province are made to the Gulf of Izmit.</em></p> <p>In this study, Cr (VI) was measured by the spectrophotometer S.M.3500-Cr B. Calorimetric Method sampled from four main streams Saz, Dil, Narca (Bağ) and Ambar (Ulupınar) Creeks samples and the results were found to be &lt;0.02 mg / L. With these values it is observed that there is a visible improvement in the pollution of the creeks.</p> Kadriye OKTOR ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 201 206 10.26900/jsp.3.020 EFFECT OF DIFFERENT THICKNESS AND SOLUTION CONCENTRATION ON CUS THIN FILM GROWN BY SILAR METHOD http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/772 <p><em>In this study, CuS thin films were successfully coated on glass substrate at room temperature using successive ionic layer absorption and reaction (SILAR) method. Thickness and solution concentration parameters which are important in SILAR management were used to obtain CuS thin films. X-Ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) / Energy Spread X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) were used to examine the changes in thickness and solution concentration in the structure of CuS thin films. As a result of the investigations, it was found that CuS thin films improved both the number of cycles and the concentration of the solution and that the crystal structure improved and the SEM / EDX results supported this result.</em></p> Tuba ÇAYIR TAŞDEMİRCİ ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 207 214 10.26900/jsp.3.021 EFFECTIVENESS OF NON-PHARMACOLOGICAL COMMUNITY-BASED NURSING INTERVENTIONS FOR SMOKING CESSATION IN ADULTS: STUDY PROTOCOL OF A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/747 <p><em>Tobacco use is one of the common and preventable risk factors of non-communicable diseases. Although the smoking rates tends to be decreased thanks to universal policies, it still is not satisfactory, especially among the middle-aged individuals In order to achieve success in smoking cessation activities, it is crucial to determine the most effective nursing interventions and apply them into the practice. The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the effectiveness of non-pharmacological community-based nursing interventions for smoking cessation on cessation rate, non-relapsing rate and knowledge belief and attitude related to smoking in over 45 year-olds living in the community. PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EBSCO, ProQuest, Academic Search Complete, Ovid, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, Turkish Council of Higher Education Thesis Center, Ulakbim Turkish Medical Database and Turkiye Citation Index were searched. Databases were searched from the 1st of January 2008 to the 31st of December 2017. Languages were Turkish and English. The protocol of this systematic review was registered to PROSPERO database. The registration number is CRD42018088007. The study is ongoing. The databases were searched and 796 studies were retrieved in total. The quality assessment process is ongoing. The data to be gathered from this systematic review is predicted to be a source for both primary care nurses and the other primary care professionals in terms of the effective smoking cessation method, its duration and changes in knowledge belief and attitude of individuals. The smoking cessation interventions performed actively by primary care nurses, will facilitate to reach both local and global targets for preventing the non-communicable diseases. It is also aimed to contribute to nursing education curriculum by revealing the roles and influence of primary care nurses on smoking cessation promotion.</em></p> Handan TERZİ Yeter KİTİS Belgin AKIN ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 215 222 10.26900/jsp.3.022 THE ROLE OF REGULARLY EXERCISE IN OVERCOMING INFERTILITY BARRIERS http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/810 <p>Infertility is seen worldwide in developing countries and affects 30% of couples. Infertility causes depression, anxiety, social isolation, sexual dysfunction and decreased quality of life. In the treatment of infertility; Besides medical treatment, significant advances have been obtained from the eastern medical strategies. Regular exercise programs, physical fitness gives to individuals. In addition, it makes them feel good about themselves physically and spiritually. It has been shown that exercise has a significant impact on health, and that regular exercise supports healthy body weight, good circulation, positive mental health, good digestion, a healthy body and helps reproduction. Complementary and alternative medicine, acupuncture and finally regular exercise are shown to be able to eliminate infertility problems. In this study, we aimed to explain the effects of exercise on male and female infertility and to create awareness.</p> Şamil ÖZTÜRK Yunus Emre TOPDAĞI İlhan ÖZDEMİR Suat ÇAKINA ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 223 228 10.26900/jsp.3.023 MULTI-CHANNEL MARINE SEISMIC SURVEY AND PRELIMINARY RESULTS OFF-SHORE KARABURUN RIDGE (WESTERN SIGACIK GULF-AEGEAN SEA) http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/718 <p><em>Sıgacık Gulf is located south of Izmir (West Anatolia), the third crowded city of Turkey. The gulf is restricted by two important ridges on land from west to east, Karaburun Ridge and Seferihisar Ridge, respectively. Recent geological and geophysical studies suggested that these ridges are dominated by active strike-slip faults both on land and off-shore. This manuscript presents the results of the high resolution multi-channel seismic reflection survey which carried out onboard K. Piri Reis, research vessel of Dokuz Eylül University, off-shore Karaburun Ridge (Aegean Sea) and surroundings in August-2005. Two main seismic units, lower unit and upper unit, were determined on seismic sections besides the active faults, buried faults and buried folds. </em></p> Savas GURCAY Gunay CİFÇİ Derman Dondurur ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 229 236 10.26900/jsp.3.024 EFFECTS OF BLACKBERRY AND BLACKTHORN FRUIT EXTRACTS ON PROTEIN AND PEROXIDASE ACTIVITY IN PEPPER http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/736 <p>In this research, blackthorn (Prunus spinosa L.) and blackberry (Rubus sanctus Schreb.) fruits have been extracted with water, ethanol, ethanol/water solvents. Fruit extracts were sprayed on the leaves of grossum and conoides varieties of Capsicum annuum L.. 24 and 48 hours after extract applications, healthy leaf of ten weeks old seedlings were harvested for protein and peroxidase analyses. Changing in total protein levels and peroxidase activity were measured spectrophotometrically.The highest total protein level increase was in the application of ethanolic extract of R. sanctus to grossum variety when we compare with control group. This increasing 24 and 48 hours after application were determined as 154% and 144% respectively. After the applications of R. sanctus fruit extract to the grossum and conoides varieties, peroxidase (POX) [EC 1.11.1.7] activity changing have been found better than P. spinosa extract application. After the both fruit extract applications, increasing in the POX activity of conoides variety have been found better than the grossum variety. 24 and 48 hours after application of ethanolic R. sanctus extract to conoides variety, POX activity increasing have been found respectively as 76% and 94%. In conclusion, it was shown that P. spinosa and R. sanctus fruit extracts have been stimulated the plant defense system in grossum and conoides varieties of C. annuum at different levels within the scope of total protein amount and peroxidase activity according to the control group.</p> Cahit YILDIZ Cüneyt AKI ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 237 244 10.26900/jsp.3.025 REMOVAL OF THORIUM (IV) ION BY USING MODIFIED CYSTOSEIRA BARBATA http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/824 <p><em>In this work, it was tried to remove Th (IV) radioactive ions in aqueous solution by using modified Cystoseira barbata. pH, contact time, concentration effects and temperature were investigated. It was observed that the amount of removal was not affected by pH change. Adsorption isotherm models were applied and the maximum q<sub>m</sub> value was found to be 116.95 mgg<sup>-1</sup> at 25<sup>0</sup>C. </em></p> Yeliz OZUDOGRU ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 245 252 10.26900/jsp.3.026 AQUA PRODUCTS AND EDUCATION http://www.ratingacademy.com.tr/ojs/index.php/jsp/article/view/793 <p><em>While the fishing adventure started with the ancestor training in the coastal areas with the same methods, it is necessary to teach this work in the coastal areas and to understand that the education is taken correctly. That's why schools open. Fishing life begins with high school education in some places for younger generations. Then it continues with the department names such as fishery, aqua products opened in universities. The first trainers gave this to themselves by mastering this work.</em></p> <p><em>As educational institutions grow, this work will be done in a professional way and quality work areas will be opened for future generations.</em></p> <p><em>From past to present, fisheries and aquaculture departments provide dozens of higher education opportunities. The most important reason for the sustainability of aquaculture, which constitutes a large part of our country's exports in recent years, is to increase the training activities in the same speed. Residual ancestral methods are replaced by new and more useful methods, and aquaculture is provided to support fishing activities. This makes a significant contribution to our country and of course the nature we live in.</em></p> Ruhay ALDIK ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2019-07-27 2019-07-27 3 3 253 260 10.26900/jsp.3.027